Weight Loss

August 2016

Greater Healthful Dietary Variety Is Associated with Greater 2-Year Changes in Weight and Adiposity in the Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies (POUNDS Lost) Trial.

This observational study found that eating a variety of healthy foods promotes sustained weight loss in overweight or obese individuals on a weight loss program.


Maternal Macronutrient Intake during Pregnancy Is Associated with Neonatal Abdominal Adiposity: The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) Study.

This observational study in women who were 26–28 weeks pregnant found that a higher protein intake relative to carbs was associated with less intra-abdominal fat in the child.

 

Impact of Breakfast Skipping and Breakfast Choice on the Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Australian Children.

This observational study in Australian children showed that those who regularly consumed breakfast were less likely to be overweight. However, eating breakfast was not significantly linked to mean body mass index.

Eating breakfast was also associated with a higher intake of many nutrients, especially among those who consumed cereal for breakfast. Cereal consumers had higher intakes of fiber, calcium, iron and folate, but also carbs and sugar.

 

Effect of vitamin D replacement on indexes of insulin resistance in overweight elderly individuals: a randomized controlled trial.

This randomized controlled trial in overweight, elderly people (69% with prediabetes) showed that supplementing with 600 or 3,750 IU of vitamin D per day did not improve insulin resistance.


Vitamin D supplementation reduces insulin resistance in Japanese adults: a secondary analysis of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

This randomized controlled trial in healthy Japanese adults showed that supplementing with 420 IU of vitamin D per day for one year significantly reduced fasting blood sugar levels and insulin resistance.

 

Sleep quality and obesity in young subjects: a meta-analysis.

This meta-analysis examined the association of sleep quality with overweight or obesity in young people. It concluded that poor sleep quality may increase the risk of weight gain and obesity, irrespective of sleep duration.

 

July, 2016

Maternal diet quality in pregnancy and neonatal adiposity: the Healthy Start Study.

This observational study suggests that poor diet quality during pregnancy increases the risk of excessive fat mass (adiposity) in newborns.

This association was independent of the mother’s total calorie intake or body mass index before pregnancy.


Predominantly nighttime feeding and weight outcomes in infants.

This observational study in 12-month-old infants showed that frequent nighttime feeding was linked to increased fat gain and risk of overweight in early childhood.


Association of pasta consumption with body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: results from Moli-sani and INHES studies.

This observational study showed that eating pasta as a component of the Meditarrenean diet was associated with reduced body mass index, waist circumference and a lower risk of obesity.

No evidence for metabolic adaptation in thermic effect of food by dietary protein.

Eating is associated with a temporary increase in calorie expenditure, which is known as the thermic effect of food (TEF). Protein causes a higher TEF, compared to carbs or fat.

This study showed that the effects of protein on TEF did not change following a low (5%), normal (15%) or high-protein (25%) diet for 56 days.


Bottle Size and Weight Gain in Formula-Fed Infants.

This observational study in formula-fed infants suggests that a large bottle size may increase their risk of gaining excessive weight, compared to a smaller bottle size.


Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and BMI change among US adolescents.

Previous observational studies suggest that following the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) reduces the risk of weight gain and promotes weight loss.

This observational study supports previous findings. It showed that adhering to the MDP was associated with lower weight gain.


Associations between liking for fat, sweet or salt and obesity risk in French adults: a prospective cohort study.

This prospective observational study found that a high liking for fat is linked to a greater risk of obesity, whereas a high liking for sweet taste was linked to a decreased risk. In contrast, salt liking was not significantly linked to obesity.


Protein intake during pregnancy and offspring body composition at 6 years: the Generation R Study.

This observational study suggests that higher protein intakes during pregnancy are linked to greater lean mass in the children when they are 6 years old.

In contrast, protein intakes during pregnancy were not significantly associated with fat mass in the child.

 

Weight gain in pregnancy and child weight status from birth to adulthood in the United States.

Previous observational studies show that when mothers gain a lot weight during pregnancy their child is at a higher risk of becoming obese.

This observational study supports earlier studies indicating that excessive fat gain during pregnancy may promote weight gain and obesity in early, middle and late childhood.


Greater early and mid-pregnancy gestational weight gains are associated with excess adiposity in midchildhood.

This observational study suggests that high maternal weight gain during early and mid-pregnancy may increase the risk of excessive weight gain in mid-childhood.

Food cravings in pregnancy: Preliminary evidence for a role in excess gestational weight gain.

Pregnant women answered the Food Craving Inventory, a questionnaire that quantifies the frequency of cravings and how often people give in to them.

The findings indicate that cravings and eating a lot of craved foods, mainly sugar and fast food, increases the risk of excessive weight gain during pregnancy.


Altered Microbiota Contributes to Reduced Diet-Induced Obesity upon Cold Exposure.

This mouse study showed that cold exposure (4 weeks at 54°F or 12°C) was associated with changes in the gut microbiota.

When bacteria-free mice on a high-fat diet were transplanted with bacteria from cold-exposed mice, they gained less weight and had better blood sugar control than mice who got bacteria from mice housed at 84°F (29°C).

 

June, 2016

 

May, 2016

 

April, 2016

 

March, 2016

 

February, 2016

 

January, 2016

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