Alfalfa Plant: Everything You Need to Know about This Superfood

In today’s health-conscious society, there are a lot of fads and diets and exercise routines being used. Superfoods in particular have been gaining popularity and are slowly taking over people’s daily meals. One example is the alfalfa plant, which has been quietly serving people for quite some time now.

What Is an Alfalfa Plant?

This superfood is called “lucerne,” specifically in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Yet in North America, it is known as alfalfa. It is a perennial flowering plant part of the legume family. It’s also considered an herb. It is usually used for silage, grazing, hay, cover crop, and green manure. The alfalfa plant is grown all over the world, but is native to warmer temperate climates.

History of the Alfalfa Plant

The alfalfa plant originated from south-central Asia. It was first cultivated in ancient Iran. It was then introduced to Greece around 490 BC, when the Persians invaded Greek territory.

In America, the alfalfa plant was introduced by the Spanish and Portuguese. By the 1800s, many areas in southwest United States started producing this plant. However, it was having a hard time thriving in the eastern part of the country. 

Its Ancient Uses

Traditional Chinese medicine has used the alfalfa leaf to relieve ulcers and to stimulate appetites. Indian Ayurvedic medicine has used it to improve blood cell production and relieve arthritis, water retention, and ulcers. 

In the sixteenth century, Spanish colonizers used alfalfa as food for their horses. They were aware that the alfalfa plant was a better food than grass. 

Native Americans used its seeds as a nutrient additive. They also used it to promote blood clotting and to treat jaundice. 

Colonial Americans used it to fight menstrual problems, urinary problems, and scurvy.

In addition, herbalists of the 1800s used the alfalfa plant to treat anemia, indigestion, and dyspepsia.

Nutrient Content of the Alfalfa Plant

This superfood has been labeled as “the king of all foods,” and with good reason. The alfalfa plant possesses the essential vitamins A, C, D, E, K. It contains Vitamin B as well. 

It also consists of copper, folate, manganese, thiamin, iron, and magnesium. Additionally, it also has riboflavin, niacin, biotin, folic acid, potassium, phosphorus, and chlorophyll. Lastly, it has a high content of bioactive plant compounds. And compared to other plants, the alfalfa leaf is very high in amino acids as well as protein.

Benefits of the Alfalfa Plant

Helps Lower Cholesterol

The alfalfa plant has a high saponin content. These are plant compounds known to lower cholesterol levels. How? They decrease the absorption of cholesterol in the gut. They also increase the excretion of compounds used to create new cholesterol. Furthermore, studies show that the intake of alfalfa increased the level of high-density lipoprotein. A reduction in the buildup of fats in the arteries was also observed.

Alfalfa is also considered a successful antihyperlipidemic. This means it helps lower blood sugar levels. The reduction of lipid count can help avoid the risk of coronary heart disease due to high cholesterol levels.

Combats Breast Cancer

This superfood contains quercetin. These are plant compounds that mimic human estrogen. Studies show that pterostilbene can decrease the risk of death and recurrence in breast cancer patients.

Helps with Menopause Symptoms and Excessive Bleeding

Estrogen deficiency is the main cause for menopause. Since the alfalfa plant has phytoestrogens, then they’re the answer for women undergoing menopause. Studies show that the intake of this plant can resolve night sweats and also eliminate hot flashes. They also help with the dryness of the vagina, headaches, loss of libido, and mood swings.

Also, women who experience heavy menstrual bleeding can benefit from alfalfa. Vitamin K is also a blood-clotting vitamin and can help prevent excessive bleeding.

Prevents Osteoporosis

The high vitamin K content in alfalfa is perfect for bone health. The human body needs vitamin K to properly utilize calcium. Alfalfa also has phytochemicals that can protect you against osteoporosis.

Helps with Diabetes

A study made by the Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences showed that the alfalfa plant has the ability to lower glucose levels. They do so by increasing the release of insulin from the pancreas. Regulated blood sugar levels is necessary in treating diabetes. Also, the intake of alfalfa helps decrease the dependency on insulin.

Promotes Good Digestion

The regular partaking of the alfalfa plant helps in most of the common digestive problems. These include gas pains, gastritis, nausea, indigestion, constipation, and appetite stimulation. This is because the plant contains eight digestive enzymes that promote overall digestion. Also, since it belongs to the legume family, its fiber content naturally facilitates weight loss.

However, in order for it to help with weight loss, it should be taken as seed sprouts, juice, or as dried leaves in either tea, tablet, or powder form.

Helps with Kidney Problems

Regulated dosage of the alfalfa can be beneficial to those who are experiencing kidney conditions. 

Also, sluggish kidneys show improvement with the regular use of alfalfa. It reduces the blood urea levels. In addition, it also improves creatinine clearance. These lead to fluid retention.

In addition, the alfalfa plant can also help get rid of kidney stones.

Alfalfa Recipes to Try Out

Veggie Lavash Snack Rolls


150 grams cheese

2 pieces wholemeal lavash

1 carrot, peeled and coarsely grated

60 grams alfalfa sprouts

Chives dip


First, spread the cheese and chives dip over lavash. Next, sprinkle carrots and alfalfa sprouts. Roll lavash up firmly into a log. Cut each roll to desired length. Finally, serve and enjoy.

Artichoke, Avocado, and Alfalfa Salad


1 cup artichoke, roughly chopped

1 avocado, cubed

3 handfuls arugula

1 handful alfalfa sprouts

1 cucumber, sliced

2 tablespoons basil pesto

Salt to taste


Simply combine all ingredients in a large bowl and toss lightly. Last, add salt to taste.

Sprout Surprise Juice


1 apple, peeled and cored

3 carrots, peeled and sliced

175 grams alfalfa sprouts

6 mint leaves


Place everything in a juicer. Next, juice until smooth. Serve immediately.

Mr. Turkey Sandwich


2 slices whole wheat bread

1 slice turkey

a slice of salami

1 slice ham



1 slice swiss cheese

alfalfa sprouts


To start, place all meat slices, the cheese slice, and other fillers between the two slices of bread. Cut diagonally and serve.

Tofu Burgers


14 ounces extra-firm tofu, drained

4 slices cheddar cheese

½ cup soy sauce

1 tablespoon white vinegar

2 tablespoons sugar

2 tablespoons olive oil

4 ounces alfalfa sprouts

radishes, sliced

4 whole wheat rolls, toasted

honey mustard (optional)


First, in a saucepan, combine soy sauce, vinegar, and also sugar. Then cook over low heat for about 5-7 minutes, until the marinade thickens. 

Next, cut the tofu into desired patty thickness. Place 4 patties in a bowl, pour in the marinade, and let sit for 15 minutes, turning the patties over once. 

Next, heat olive oil in a grill pan over medium heat. Afterward, cook tofu patties 2 minutes per side. 

Then, top each tofu patty with a slice of cheese. Continue cooking until cheese slightly melted.

Top with alfalfa sprouts and sliced radishes also. 

Lastly, serve on whole wheat rolls. Add honey mustard if desired.

A Word of Caution

Like a lot of things in life, too much of something is bad. The intake of alfalfa should then be regulated, especially if you get a lot of fiber. Also, there are some people who should avoid it. Pregnant women who are close to their due dates are therefore advised not to take alfalfa. It may cause uterine stimulation or contractions. Also, if you take certain diet pills, or blood thinners, alfalfa may be dangerous to you. Its high content of vitamin K may cause blood thinners to be less effective.



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